Situational Influences on the Predictive Value of Client Behavior: Implications for Bayesian Prediction

Document Type



Behavioral and Organizational Sciences (CGU), Psychology (Pomona)

Publication Date



Clinical Psychology | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences


Research on clinical assessment has shown that situational variables can influence the behavior clients exhibit, and it is suggested that situational variables can also influence the predictive value of client behavior. Even identical behaviors may differ markedly in their predictive implications as a function of the assessment situation. Data on judgments of maladjustment by psychodynamic and behavioral clinicians are given a Bayesian analysis, which implies that clinicians must be sensitive to variations in both the base rate and the diagnostic ratio.

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© 1986 American Psychological Association

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