Memory Association and Ambiguous Cues in Models of Alcohol and Marijuana Use

Document Type



Community and Global Health (CGU)

Publication Date



Health Psychology | Substance Abuse and Addiction


Recent cognitive theories of alcohol and other drug use have increasingly focused on memory processes (e.g., Goldman, Brown, Christiansen, & Smith, 1991; Stacy, Widaman, & Marlatt, 1990; Tiffany, 1990). One potentially useful approach within this perspective is the study of memory association (Stacy, Leigh, & Weingardt, 1994). In this article, I suggest how this concept can be applied empirically to the understanding of drug use and its cues. The most general hypothesis examined in this article is that associative memory responses to ambiguous cues exhibit some of the characteristics of a mediator of alcohol and marijuana use. That is, measures of memory association both predict, and are predicted by, these behaviors.

Rights Information

© 1995 American Psychological Association