English Language Use as a Risk Factor for Smoking Initiation Among Hispanic and Asian American Adolescents: Evidence for Mediation by Tobacco-Related Beliefs and Social Norms

Document Type



Community and Global Health (CGU)

Publication Date



First and Second Language Acquisition | Mental and Social Health | Race and Ethnicity | Substance Abuse and Addiction


In this study, we examined the association between English language usage (one of the indicators of acculturation) and smoking in a representative sample of adolescents in California. We hypothesized that (a) English language usage would be associated with increased risk of smoking among Hispanic and Asian American adolescents and (b) this association would be mediated by differences in smoking-related psychosocial variables, such as perceived access to cigarettes, perceived consequences of smoking, prevalence estimates of smoking among peers, friends' smoking, cigarette offers, and cigarette refusal self-efficacy.

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© 2000 American Psychological Association