Open Access Senior Thesis
Bachelor of Arts
Environment, Economics, and Politics (EEP)
© 2012 Erin Franks
This study evaluates the effectiveness of the ecological ICMS (ICMS-e) in the Brazilian Amazon, an intragovernmental transfer for incentivizing biodiversity conservation. Tax funds are passed from state governments to municipalities in proportion to the amount of protected area within their borders; biological reserves, sustainable use areas, and indigenous lands are all considered. Econometric analysis using a fixed effects model found that the policy had little positive effect on increasing protected areas compared to the significant negative influence of poor land tenure, agricultural influences, and lack of monitoring for illegal deforestation. However, the policy may increase municipal governments' acceptance of and support for protected areas, especially if combined with institutional support.
Franks, Erin, "Incentivizing Biodiversity Conservation: The Ecological ICMS in Brazil" (2012). CMC Senior Theses. 377.