Amplitude-modulated light launched into multiple-scattering media, e.g., tissue, results in the propagation of density waves of diffuse photons. Photon density wave characteristics in turn depend on modulation frequency (ω) and media optical properties. The damped spherical wave solutions to the homogeneous form of the diffusion equation suggest two distinct regimes of behavior: (1) a highfrequency dispersion regime where density wave phase velocity Vp has a ω dependence and (2) a low-frequency domain where Vp is frequency independent. Optical properties are determined for various tissue phantoms by fitting the recorded phase (Φ) and modulation (m) response to simple relations for the appropriate regime. Our results indicate that reliable estimates of tissuelike optical properties can be obtained, particularly when multiple modulation frequencies are employed.
©1993 Optical Society of America
Tromberg, BJ, Svaasand, LO, Tsay, TT, Haskell, RC. Properties of photon density waves in multiple-scattering media. Appl Opt. 1993;32(4): 607-616.