The success of recombination-pumped x-ray laser schemes is determined by the kinetics of ions in plasmas with relatively dense, cold-electron distributions. We examine how laser gain in such systems is affected by a multipeaked electron distribution generated by sequential ionization of atoms using high-intensity, ultrashort-pulse lasers. We also investigate the role of heating processes that modify electron energy distributions during the recombination and the accompanying collisional cascade. We find that conditions for the success of these schemes are critically modified by the inclusion of these effects.
© 1995 American Physical Society
T.D. Donnelly, R.W. Lee, R.W. Falcone, Dynamics of Optical-Field-Ionized Plasmas for X-Ray Lasers, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2691 (1995). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.51.R2691