Bruce Haynes


RILM abstract:" Original source material on historical tongue-strokes describes "paired syllables", or double-tonguing, as contrasted to single-tonguing. Patterns place the accent on the first, second, or both parts of the pair. Double-tonguing uses a rebound motion to enhance the velocity of Articulation; it reinforces appropriate metrical patterns, but is more often used to achieve speed in extended (and therefore fatiguing) runs of quick notes. Descriptions of double-tonguings began in the early 16th c. and continued to ca. 1827, and were used in Italy, Germany, Holland, France, and England."



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.