RILM abstract: "Provides a short survey of the earliest sources on the bass violin and discusses both the first appearance of the term violoncello (in 1665) and terms used in Italy and elsewhere. Performance practice, playing technique, and tuning from the 16th c. are described. The possible identity of the problematic 17th-c. violone (an 8' or 12' instrument of either the violin or gamba family) is proposed in relation to the violone in contrabbasso. A discussion of playing technique is given on the basis of treatises and compositions by late-17th-c. Bolognese musicians and 18th-c. descriptions by Michel Corrette and Salvatore Lanzetti."



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