Campus Only Senior Thesis
Bachelor of Arts
W.M. Keck Science Department
© 2013 LeeAnn N. Louie
The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) depends on three enzymes called E1, E2, and E3 to ubiquitinate proteins and several isopeptidases to de-ubiquitinate them. Ubiquitination serves as a post-translational modification that either tags proteins for degradation by the proteasome or serves to modulate their function. This dynamic system plays a role in synaptic plasticity and dysfunction of the UPS is associated a variety of neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, three inhibitors the UPS, ziram, clasto-lactacystin β-lactone (lactacystin) and G5 were employed to illuminate involvement of the UPS in long-term and short term plasticity in area CA1 of rat hippocampal slices. Ziram, lactacystin and G5 inhibits the E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme, the proteasome and isopeptidases, respectively. It was found that UPS inhibition enhanced long-term plasticity, by specifically increasing the magnitude of long-term depression (LTD) and altered short term plasticity, measured with paired pulse facilitation (PPF), to varying degrees. These findings establish that the UPS may play a regulatory role in LTD and PPF, and the changes in PPF further indicate that the UPS may be acting presynaptically. Overall, the results suggest ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated proteolysis are important in both long-term and short-term plasticity.
Louie, LeeAnn N., "Inhibition of the Ubiquitin Proteasome System Enhances Long-Term Depression in Rat Hippocampal Slices" (2013). Scripps Senior Theses. 274.
This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff. It is not available for interlibrary loan. Please send a request for access through Contact Us.