Graduation Year

2015

Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Department

Psychology

Reader 1

Alan Hartley

Reader 2

Judith LeMaster

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© 2014 Katharine Finlay

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that men and women employ different speech styles that result in an uneven power dynamic. To better understand the increasingly common interactions that take place using video-mediated communication, such as Skype and Google Hangout, the present research examines these gendered patterns in video-mediated communication (VMC). Mixed-gender dyads will be formed and ask to complete a desert survival task via VMC or in person while software analyzes their use of aggressive positive, and tentative language, as well as measuring speaking time for each party. Interpersonal perception and the use of intrusive interruptions and will also be examined. Drawing from research in Social Information Processing Theory, it is expected that users compensate for the difficulties of a communication medium in order to achieve a normal interaction. As such, men are anticipated to use more intrusive interruptions, aggressive language, and speak more than women, regardless of condition. Women are anticipated to use more positive and tentative language in both VMC and face-to-face conditions. Dominant language is also expected to mediate the relationship between gender and perceived dominance. Future research should examine the effect of race in these interactions, as well as how this dynamic effects gender non-conforming persons.

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