Date of Award


Degree Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Psychology, PhD


School of Social Science, Politics, and Evaluation

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

David E. Rast III

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Michael A. Hogg

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Eusebio M. Alvaro

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Jason T. Siegel

Terms of Use & License Information

Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

Rights Information

© 2024 Jackie Shaib


Intergroup leadership, Self-construals, Intergroup relational identity, Gender

Subject Categories

Social Psychology


Intergroup leadership, self-construals, and gender are relatively well researched. However, there has been limited research that has looked at the interplay between these areas of research. For example, past research has shown women’s tendency towards an interdependent self-construal (Cross & Madson, 1997), the various challenges women face in pursuit of leadership roles (Eagly, 1987; Schein, 1973), as well as which style of intergroup leadership is most effective in various scenarios of subgroup relations (Hogg & Rast, 2022; Hogg et al., 2012; Rast et al., 2018). Although real world leadership situations often combine all these phenomena, research has yet to catch up and explore how they interact with each other. Therefore, two studies were conducted to examine how leader gender, intergroup leadership style, and subgroup relations impact evaluations of candidates running for a leadership position (Study 1; N = 256); and how participant gender and subgroup relations impact participants’ endorsement of an intergroup leadership style when placed in a leadership role (Study 2; N = 262). Results of Study 1 showed that participants more strongly endorsed a candidate who used an intergroup relational identity (IRI) style of leadership and were also more likely to promote that candidate. Results of Study 2 showed that, in a leadership position themselves, women more strongly endorsed using IRI rhetoric than men, and that participants in the cooperation subgroup condition more strongly endorsed using IRI rhetoric than participants in the competitive subgroup condition.