Barriers to Internationalisation: A Study of Entrepreneurial New Ventures in New Zealand

Document Type



Religion (CGU)

Publication Date



Business | Economics | Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations | International Economics | Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods | Marketing | Social and Behavioral Sciences


This paper presents the findings of a study of the perceptions of the barriers to internationalisation by 561 New Zealand Entrepreneurial New Ventures (ENVs). Significant differences in the perception of the barriers are identified according to the level of international activity of New Zealand ENVs. Exporters and likely exporters consider the main barriers to internationalisation to be finance and cost-related factors. A lack of New Zealand government incentives are also seen to be major barriers for these two groups with likely exporters also perceiving their lack of international experience to be a hindrance. By comparison non-exporters perceive firm size to be the biggest barrier to internationalisation followed by a lack of market knowledge and experience. Industry was found to have no influence on the perception of barriers to internationalisation, however, firm size does have an impact.

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© 2004 Springer