Defining Preparation and Professional Development for the Future

Document Type



Educational Studies (CGU)

Publication Date



Education | Educational Administration and Supervision | Educational Leadership


This article provides an overview of principal and superintendent preparation in the past and offers suggestions for the future development of such leaders. Implications for principal and superintendent preparation are that many essential skills and much important knowledge cannot be delivered by a traditional university-based program. Although the authors continue to support the preparation of principals and superintendents in university-based programs for these harsh and demanding times, they recommend that the programs (a) attend to belief, attitude, and philosophy; (b) deal with problems in practice; and (c) foster institutional arrangements to allow for coordination of efforts with schools. Preparation must be redesigned to reflect the findings of research on the advancement of professional practice. Preparation programs must be reorganized to reflect what we have learned from large-scale school improvement efforts. There must be closer association between higher education, the professional organizations, and districts themselves to provide preparation outside conventional classroom settings.

Rights Information

© 2013 SAGE Publications