Memory Association and Personality as Predictors of Alcohol Use: Mediation and Moderator Effects

Document Type



Community and Global Health (CGU)

Publication Date



Health Psychology | Substance Abuse and Addiction


A number of investigators have argued that memory processes may be fundamentally involved in drug use (e.g., Krank & Swift, 1994; Wise, 1988). These processes are thought to be integrally related to the neurobiological systems that support motivation (e.g., Wise, 1988) and are likely to play an essential role in drug use decisions. Although memory processes have been rarely studied as motivational variables in drug use, a few recent studies have begun to investigate this issue by measuring or manipulating memory access or activation (e.g., Krank & Swift, 1994; MacKinnon & Fenaughty, 1993; Roehrich & Goldman, 1995; Stacy, Ames, Sussman, & Dent, 1996). This research is allied to some extent with earlier work on outcome expectancies or beliefs (e.g., Bauman, 1980; Brown, Goldman, Inn, & Anderson, 1980; Fromme, Stroot, & Kaplan, 1993; Leigh, 1989; Stacy, Widaman, & Marlatt, 1990), but memory and information-processing approaches typically do not assume that beliefs or other judgments on a questionnaire necessarily reflect memory processes (e.g., Feldman & Lynch, 1988).

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© 1998 American Psychological Association