Nonverbal Behavior of the Type A Individual
Community and Global Health (CGU)
Applied Behavior Analysis | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Experimental Analysis of Behavior | Personality and Social Contexts
Forty-one health professional students were videotaped during three consecutive conditions: a 5-min wait for a tardy interviewer, the structured interview for determining the Type A behavior pattern, and a 5-min relaxation period. Afterward, subjects were classified as Type A or B based on audiotapes of the interview. The total amount of activity and the frequency or duration of Type A behaviors were compared between Type A and Type B subjects. In all three experimental conditions, Type A subjects moved their arms more than Type B subjects. During both the waiting and the relaxation periods, Type A subjects sat still less and spent more time exploring than did Type B subjects. During the interview, Type A subjects gestured more frequently than Type B subjects. Nonverbal behaviors correctly identified behavior pattern in 71% of the subjects. The addition of nonverbal behaviors improved the discrimination of behavior pattern above that obtained from verbal behavior alone. The greater activity, restlessness, exploratory behavior, and gestures of Type A persons are consistent with the two major etiologies proposed for the Type A behavior pattern.
© 1983 Plenum Publishing Corporation
Hughes, J., Jacobs, D.R., Schucker, B., Chapman, D.M., & Johnson, C.A. Nonverbal behavior of the Type A individual. J Behav Med 6(3), 279-289, 1983.