Article - postprint
In this paper we establish three results on small-height zeros of quadratic polynomials over Q. For a single quadratic form in N ≥ 2 variables on a subspace of Q N , we prove an upper bound on the height of a smallest nontrivial zero outside of an algebraic set under the assumption that such a zero exists. For a system of k quadratic forms on an L-dimensional subspace of Q N , N ≥ L ≥ k(k+1) 2 + 1, we prove existence of a nontrivial simultaneous small-height zero. For a system of one or two inhomogeneous quadratic and m linear polynomials in N ≥ m + 4 variables, we obtain upper bounds on the height of a smallest simultaneous zero, if such a zero exists. Our investigation extends previous results on small zeros of quadratic forms, including Cassels’ theorem and its various generalizations and contributes to the literature of so-called “absolute” Diophantine results with respect to height. All bounds on height are explicit.
© 2015 Fukshansky
Fukshansky, L., Height bounds on zeros of quadratic forms over Q-bar, Research in Mathematical Sciences, vol. 2 no. 1 (2015), art. 19, 26.
Source: Author's post-print manuscript in PDF.