Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


International Relations

Reader 1

Jennifer Taw

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© 2017 Michael E Grouskay


This paper provides a theoretical model of the state response to the discovery of a peacetime covert operation. Building upon Stephen Krasner's theory of Westphalian sovereignty, the argument is presented that the direct and covert application of force constitutes a violation of national sovereignty. Taking the state's monopoly on control and authority to be the basis of national sovereignty, this paper shows that states will respond most substantively to the discovery of a covert operation when authority is challenged.

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