Researcher ORCID Identifier


Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Open Access Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Hilary Appel

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The purpose of this thesis is to examine the growing national security threat posed by Russia and China’s willingness to exercise 21st century information warfare techniques against the United States and its areas of strategic interest. This study will describe the composition of these state’s foreign disinformation entities while providing several case studies that display their advanced capabilities and the direct effects that each poses on the general public both domestically and internationally. To best provide unbiased reporting and accuracy in each country’s analysis, this study will rely on the diversified use of government reports, legal documents, academic journals, and news articles. After research into each state, this study will conclude with several recommendations for President-elect Joe Biden and his administration. Ultimately this study will advance the belief that as the United States changes administration, it remains imperative that the federal government acknowledges the growing threat of international adversaries that actively target our democracy and act proactively in defensive and offensive measures.