Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


International Relations

Reader 1

Jessica Zarkin

Terms of Use & License Information

Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

Rights Information

© 2024 Sarahi Castillo-Cruz


This thesis explores the impact (institutional, social, and political) created by the Estallido Social in 2019, which initiated the constitutional process that took place from 2020 to 2023. In a more extensive discussion of the success of social movements in effecting institutional change, I explore three key factors that point to a group’s possible range of impact outcome: a social group/movement’s organizational and leadership infrastructure, brokerage linkages, and the political and economic conditions under which the group or movement was founded.

Estallido Social may have been unable to lead the country into adopting a new constitution. However, that does not mean this movement was a failure. It is crucial both for existing social movements in Chile and for future generations, as well as for the general study of social movements and protest politics, to analyze the Estallido Social and its impact on different facets of Chilean life and democracy in a short-term framework, as this thesis does, as well as a separate, long term exploration of the effects and implications of this movement in Chilean history.

This thesis serves as a testament to the progression of Chilean democracy despite the adoption of the 1980 Constitution under dictator Augusto Pinochet.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.