Quantum Foundations with Astronomical Photons
Theoretical work in quantum information has demonstrated that a classical hidden-variable model of an entangled singlet state can explain nonclassical correlations observed in tests of Bell’s inequality if while measuring the Bell correlation, the underlying probability distribution of the hidden-variable changes depending on the measurement basis. To rule out this possibility, distant quasars can be utilized as random number generators to set measurement bases in an experimental test of Bell’s inequality. Here we report on the design and characterization of a device that uses the color of incoming quasar photons to output a random bit with nanosecond latency. Through the 1-meter telescope at JPL Table Mountain Observatory, we observe and generate random bits from quasars with redshifts z = 0.1−3.9. In addition, we formulate a mathematical model that quantifies the fidelity of the bits generated.