Graduation Year


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Jennifer Ma

Reader 2

Heejung Park

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Rights Information

@ 2023 Zilu Wang


The COVID-19 pandemic has deeply influenced all facets of individuals' lives. The shift in education modality from in-person to online or hybrid education in response to the pandemic has been a transformative experience. The current study aims to investigate how the education modality (in-person vs. online) influences students' learning outcomes in liberal arts colleges as mediated by learning motivation. In this experimental study, participants will attend a two-week Human-centered Design crash course. They will be randomly assigned to either the online or in-person education section. At the end of the two-week crash course, participants will complete a survey measuring their learning motivation and learning outcomes. The anticipated result of this study is that the effect of the mediator learning motivation remains significant, while the effect of the predictor education modality becomes weaker or non-significant than before. This study aims to make a meaningful contribution to the field of educational psychology and offers a more comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence the learning experience for educators and learners.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.