Graduation Year


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Organizational Studies

Reader 1

Jeff Lewis

Reader 2

Nancy Wallis

Reader 3

Dion Scott- Kakures

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Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

Rights Information

© 2016 Freya M. Kerle


This thesis seeks to explore the social, cultural, economic and political factors that influence female labor force participation rates. Specifically, this research will focus on female economic activity in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. MENA is often understood as being monolithic in its treatment of women. This study aims to challenge this rhetoric by evaluating the factors that impact female labor in MENA. Upon considering multiple social, cultural, economic and political factors, this thesis will focus on the role of oil and religion in influencing female labor rates. Finally, this study will explore these influences on a micro-level and the role of oil and religion will be examined as to how they apply to female economic activity in both Tunisia and Saudi Arabia.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.