This thesis examines the establishment of an anti-immigrant party (AIP) in Sweden. Until recently, Sweden was known as the Nordic anomaly with no AIP in spite of high levels of immigration and high rates of right-wing violence. This has now changed, and the AIP, Sweden Democrats, are rising to popularity in high speed. I examine the causes given for the anomaly up until 2006 and show that a change in these has since created a favorable environment for an AIP to become successful. First, socio-economic cleavages have become less salient through decreasing party loyalty and increasing numbers of party switchers. Second, the immigration issue has become more politicized. I account for other complementary explanations for a Swedish AIP formation and conclude that Sweden is no longer an anomaly in the landscape of European AIPs.
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Paulsen, Louise R.
"A Nordic Anomaly: Examining the Establishment of an Anti-Immigrant Party in Sweden,"
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union:
Vol. 2018, Article 10.
Available at: https://scholarship.claremont.edu/urceu/vol2018/iss1/10