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Abstract

We provide here results of a combined analysis of plastid genes rbcL, matK, and ndhF for Xanthorrhoeaceae s.l., the Asphodelaceae/Xanthorrhoeaceae/Hemerocallidaceae clade, which are well supported by the DNA data. Xanthorrhoea (often treated as the sole member of Xanthorrhoeaceae) is sister to the hemerocallid clade (former Hemerocallidaceae); and the asphodelid clade (formerly Asphodelaceae) is sister to them both. For additional species of Bulbine and Jodrellia (both Asphodeloideae), we also collected rps16 intron and ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences to better assess their relationships. Bulbine, with Jodrellia, embedded are sister to the collective genera of subfamily Alooideae in which all species are characterized by strongly bimodal and nearly identical karyotypes, whereas that of Bulbine is much more variable. Cytological studies have previously shown Bulbine to possess a range of karyotypes from graduated to clearly bimodal (although never exactly like the aloid genera) and point toward a lower level of bimodality in the Australian members, all of which are autotetraploid, than in the African members, all of which are diploid. Therefore, there have been two events of particular interest within Bulbine, a change in ploidy and a long-range dispersal event.

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© 2006 Dion S. Devey, Ilia Leitch, Paula J. Rudall, J. Chris Pires, Yohan Pillon, Mark W. Chase

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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