The Size and Composition of Government Expenditure
This paper tests several leading hypotheses on determinants of government expenditure. The purpose is to avoid omitted variables bias by testing the prominent theories in a comprehensive specification, to identify persistent puzzles for the current set of theories, and to explore those puzzles in greater depth by looking at the composition of government expenditure and the level of government at which it takes place as well as its magnitude. Using Government Financial Statistics data from the IMF covering over 100 countries from 1970–2000, I look at cross-sectional and inter-temporal variation in government expenditure and both individual categories of expenditure (such as defense, education, health care) and different levels of government (central, and local). Among other results, I find a new explanation for Wagner's Law, widespread evidence that preference heterogeneity leads to decentralization rather than outright decreases in expenditures, that a great deal of the expenditure associated with increased trade openness is not in categories that explicitly insure for risk, and evidence that both political access and income inequality affect the extent of social insurance.
© 2007 Elsevier B.V.
Cameron A. Shelton, The size and composition of government expenditure, Journal of Public Economics, Volume 91, Issues 11–12, December 2007, Pages 2230-2260, ISSN 0047-2727, 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.01.003. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047272707000072)