Correlation between channels of the normalized photocount-rate correlation function g(2)(τ) becomes significant at high count rates and leads to a number of data-analysis problems. We derive an expression for channel correlation that is valid for a detector area of arbitrary extent and compare the theoretical predictions with measured values. A data-analysis procedure is demonstrated that employs the theoretical expression for channel correlation and provides a rigorous test of an assumed fitting function. The procedure facilitates the use of the cumulant method in determining the polydispersity of scatterers. An expression for the statistical bias of g(2)(τ) is also derived and compared with measured values.
©1985 Optical Society of America
Haskell, RC, Pisciotta, GL. Problems of channel correlation and statistical bias in photon-correlation spectroscopy. J Opt Soc Am B. 1985;2(5): 714-720.