Panicoideae (Poaceae) in the New World comprise 107 genera (86 native) and 1357 species (1248 native). As circumscribed herein, Panicoideae include eight tribes: Andropogoneae, Arundinelleae, Centotheceae, Gynerieae, Isachneae, Paniceae, Steyermarkochloeae, and Thysanolaeneae. The two major tribes are Andropogoneae with 230 species (16.95% of all New World panicoids), and Paniceae with 1082 species (79.73%). Andropogoneae are divided into nine subtribes (Andropogoninae, Anthistiriinae, Coicinae, Germainiinae, Ischaeminae, Rottboelliinae, Saccharinae, Sorghinae, and Tripsacinae), while Paniceae are divided into seven subtribes (Arthropogoninae, Cenchrinae, Digitariinae, Melinidinae, Panicinae, Paspalinae, and Setariinae). Brazil is the center of diversity of New World panicoids with 741 species (54.6% of all species). The distributions of endemic and restricted taxa were analyzed in terms of biogeographical regions and Kranz syndrome. Amphitropical disjuncts and widespread species are also discussed.
Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Morrone, Osvaldo; Davidse, Gerrit; and Pennington, Susan J.
"Classification and Biogeography of Panicoideae (Poaceae) in the New World,"
Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany:
1, Article 39.
Available at: https://scholarship.claremont.edu/aliso/vol23/iss1/39