Date of Award

Spring 2023

Degree Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Education, PhD


School of Educational Studies

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Mary Poplin

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Javier Rodriguez

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Zining Yang

Terms of Use & License Information

Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

Rights Information

© 2023 Amanda Castillo


K-12 education, Public education, School finance, Teacher development, Teacher unions

Subject Categories

Educational Administration and Supervision


The following papers, presented as a three-paper series format, discuss the implications of targeting three key, foundational problems within K-12 education. Designing solutions for policy or systemic problems requires more than just creativity. Since public education faces a myriad of crises, it falls under the term “wicked problem” first coined by Horst W.J. Rittel and Melvin M. Webber, to identify challenges that not only seem immune to conventional solutions but are often exacerbated by standard techniques. These papers are in no order of importance, nor are they issues educators might consider highest priority. The presented papers, however, provide suggestions for high- level impact that undo the corrosion of educational systems and improve the conditions for millions of students, rather than one classroom.