Date of Award

Spring 2023

Degree Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Education, PhD


School of Educational Studies

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

David Drew

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Andrew Vosko

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Thomas Luschei

Terms of Use & License Information

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Rights Information

© 2023 Darius K Hines


Art, Collaboration theory, Specialization, STEAM, STEM, Transdisciplinary

Subject Categories



Would STEAM project and program resources be better utilized through collaboration between STEM and Arts professionals or from creating STEAM from within the Arts and STEM disciplines organically? Four hundred nineteen STEM and Arts professionals from academia and industry were surveyed for their thoughts and opinions regarding STEAM, creating a unique data set. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and the inferential methods T-test, Chi-Squared and Multivariate Regression. Respondents reported a very small number of STEM (11%) and Arts (18.9%) professionals they know studied both STEM and Arts perform both equally in their careers. The majority of the STEM and Arts professionals they know either mostly or completely specialize within their respective career paths. Arts (92.3%) and STEM (82.6%) professionals reported they are receptive to collaborating for STEAM if approached, but approximately 66% of STEM and 59% of Arts respondents didn’t reach out. STEM and Arts professionals agree on many of the factors that make a collaboration successful. Selection of members with certain characteristics was reported as highly important to a successful collaboration. The number one reason for collaborating is because they wanted to. The number one reason for not collaborating was not being asked. The implication is collaboration is better than organic development of STEAM within a discipline. A successful STEAM Collaboration will be guided by a transdisciplinary convener who can initiate and facilitate important activities, such as vetting potential members, and cultivate over time the development of a transdisciplinary STEAM collaboration.



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