Date of Award


Degree Type

Restricted to Claremont Colleges Dissertation

Degree Name

Religion, PhD


School of Arts and Humanities

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Marvin A. Sweeney

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Tammi J. Schneider

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Gary Gilbert

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Rights Information

© 2020 Christopher D Clarke


1 Enoch, Apocalypse, Enoch, Throne Vision

Subject Categories

Biblical Studies | Religion


The connections between Enoch’s encounter with the heavenly court in 1 Enoch 14-16 has long been connected with the similar encounters of Micaiah ben Imlah, Isaiah, and Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible. All four of these encounters depict a meeting between a mortal and the heavenly court, including the enthroned Deity, that results in an individual receiving a commission to fulfill a task decided upon by the court. Although most scholars recognize the similarities between Enoch’s ascent into heaven and the encounters in the Hebrew Bible, these scholars have largely concentrated on the connections between Ezekiel’s and Enoch’s encounters. This situation has been exacerbated by the tendency to leave the first seven verses of 1 Enoch 14 out of discussions concerning his encounter due to a belief that they are not connected with Enoch’s encounter with the heavenly court. The lack of consideration of these two areas has created a significant gap in the study of Enoch’s ascent into heaven and his encounter with the heavenly court in 1 Enoch 14-16. The following study will address this deficiency of current analyses of 1 Enoch 14-16 in two distinct ways. First, this study will conduct an examination of the forms, structures, and themes presented in the encounters with the heavenly court experienced by Micaiah ben Imlah (1 Kings 22:1-38), Isaiah (Isaiah 6), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:1-3:15), and Enoch (1 Enoch 14-16). This analysis will examine how 1 Enoch 14-16 made use of elements presented from the three older narratives and adapted them to develop its own unique account of Enoch’s experience with the heavenly court. Second, this study will demonstrate that 1 Enoch 14:1-7 is both structurally and thematically part of the account of encounter with the heavenly court and deserves to be discussed in tandem with discussions of Enoch’s ascent.