Date of Award


Degree Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Music, PhD


School of Arts and Humanities

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Robert Zappulla

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Nancy van Deusen

Dissertation or Thesis Committee Member

Camelia Voin

Terms of Use & License Information

Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Rights Information

© 2020 Clara Lee


Classical Technique, IPA, Korean Art Song, Korean Diction, phonation, Singing in Korean

Subject Categories

Music | Music Pedagogy


While the IPA is helpful in learning Korean diction, it is not sufficient when applied to classical singing techniques, especially for non-native Korean speakers. To be able to clearly distinguish the ambiguity of sounds of the language, using proper and accurate phonetic symbols are necessary. The author compares speaking and singing in the Korean language by analyzing the contrast of its phonetics and articulating positions and then phonologically describes the IPA symbols. Both singing and speaking are forms of phonation and communication, and the same IPA symbols are often used for both singing and speaking. However, the phonation circumstances and locations in the oral cavity are different. This study therefore focuses on finding an efficient and accurate way of representing Korean diction for classical singers.