Document Type



Politics and Economics (CGU)

Publication Date



Military and Veterans Studies | Peace and Conflict Studies | Political Science | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Social and Behavioral Sciences


To help the Army redefine operations in failed states, I propose a new politico-military model. This operational environment model would be composed of a four-cell matrix that would include "war and crime," "war," "crime" and "peace." Three of the cells - war, crime and peace - would pertain to traditional Clausewitzian issues; the fourth - war and crime - would pertain to an emergent neo-Clausewitzian one. To extrapolate the model, we begin with the condition of war. This environment is one of "military issues" that occur between nation-states. It defines the rationale behind US Army operations, as stated in the June 1993 FM 100-5, that after war breaks out, seeks to achieve decisive victory against military forces of belligerent nation-states or their coalitions.


Originally published in the Military Review

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© 1997 Robert J. Bunker

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