Are There Long-Term "Literal Copies" of Visually Presented Words?

Document Type



Behavioral and Organizational Sciences (CGU)

Publication Date



Cognitive Psychology | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences


Tested the strong version of the literal-copy hypothesis which predicts that a virtual image preserving the details of the perceptual experience generated during the reading of a word is stored in memory with perfectly correlated retention for all visual attributes of the stimulus. 96 undergraduates, instructed to retain information about 0, 1, or 2 visual properties of words, were later tested for item and input-case and color retention. Findings did not support the hypothesis, but were consistent with a model which assumes that each visual attribute is stored independently in abstract propositional form.

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