Methods, Results, and Lessons Learned from Process Evaluation of the High 5 School-Based Nutrition Intervention
Community and Global Health (CGU)
Medical Nutrition | Medicine and Health Sciences
This article describes the process evaluation of High 5, a school-based intervention targeting fruit and vegetable consumption among fourth graders and their families. The outcome evaluation involved 28 schools randomized to intervention or control conditions. The intervention included classroom, family, and cafeteria components. Process evaluation was completed on each of these components by using observations, self-report checklists, surveys, and other measures. Results indicated high implementation rates on the classroom activities. Moderate family involvement was attained, perhaps diminishing intervention effects on parent consumption. Cafeterias provided environmental cues, and fruit and vegetable offerings as directed by the program. A lower dose of the intervention was delivered to schools with larger African American enrollments and lower-income families. This article provides insights into the effective elements of a school-based dietary intervention and provides suggestions for process evaluation in similar studies.
© 2000 Society for Public Health Education
Reynolds KD, Franklin FA, Leviton LC, Maloy J, Harrington KF, Yaroch AL, Person S, Jester P. Methods, results and lessons learned from process evaluation of the High 5 school-based nutrition intervention. Health Education & Behavior 27(2): 177-186, 2000