Religious Studies (CMC)
This essay serves as an introduction to the folk practices and beliefs of East Punjab. It argues that although there are clear religious identities established by the major organized religions, this does not preclude participation in other practices which cut across these boundaries. These "folk" practices and beliefs cluster around the anxieties and ambiguities of death, common understandings of societal structure and its relation to work, the relationship of animals and the spirit world, the causes of misfortune, and the causes of and cures for disease. These modes of understanding the world are characterized by persistence and adaptability, that is, despite attempts to eradicate them, they are not going to disappear any time soon.
© 2004 H.S. Bhatti and Daniel Michon
Bhatti, Harvinder S. and Daniel Michon, “Punjabi Folk Religion,” Journal of Punjab Studies. 11.2 (2004): 139-154.