Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Mark Huber

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This article investigates several variance reduction techniques in Monte Carlo simulation applied in option pricing. It first shows how Monte Carlo simulation could be leveraged in the field of option pricing by demonstrating the quality of Monte Carlo methods and properties of stock options. Then the articles simulate stock price trajectories to infer the optimal option price by averaging the payoff at maturity. The article shows in depth the effect of control variates and antithetic variates, and importance sampling in reducing variance. The last part of the article shows how the same variance reduction techniques could be used in more exotic options such as Asian and Bermuda options. In these cases, their closed-form expressions are more difficult to derive compared to the European options, and thus simulation is widely practiced in the industry.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.