Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Open Access Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE)

Reader 1

Paul Hurley

Reader 2

George Thomas


The thesis aims to provide both a real public ideology and the legal and socioeconomic structures to realize Karl Marx’s ideal of human emancipation. Marx argues that in capitalist society, the legal and political superstructure forces the ruling class to represent its interest as the public interest, which legitimizes the massive inequality in resources and social power. To demonstrate how to realize the substantive public interest, the two parts of the thesis have two goals. The first part aims to formulate a rightful candidate to the public ideology of human emancipation, which represents the substantive public interest rather than the hypocrisy of the ruling class. The second part aims to formulate the legal and socioeconomic structures of the Social Economy, which is the social system that corresponds to the public ideology and restores the equality of both resources and social power. The first part is the philosophical analysis, and the second part can be viewed as a set of proposals informed by both normative and empirical research to transform the economy and society.