Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


International Relations

Reader 1

Heather Ferguson

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Rights Information

2022 Hailey A Wilson


This thesis adopts an interdisciplinary approach to analyze Ani, an Armenian cultural heritage site located in Turkey, in order to identify critical gaps within international protections to preserve cultural heritage and explore potential avenues for Turkish-Armenian reconciliation. Ani is used to explore definitions of cultural heritage, international instruments to address cultural destruction, and culture’s connection with group and individual identity. An overview of cultural diplomacy, norm diffusion, and heritage governmentality is provided to inform Ani’s complex political layers and inform how proper restoration of Ani can help build diplomatic relations between Turkey and Armenian. This thesis also interweaves Armenian voices to provide a holistic understanding of Ani’s symbol to Armenians and reinforce the necessity for international bodies to reform cultural heritage legislation and codify cultural genocide.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.