Date of Submission
Campus Only Senior Thesis
Bachelor of Arts
Donald A. McFarlane
2022 Mason A Hernandez
According to the World Wildlife Fund (n.d.), poaching poses the biggest danger to rhino populations. Despite an international ban on the trade in rhino horn since 1977 from the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), rhino poaching still remains a major problem that may drive rhinos to extinction in the near future. Some rhino owners believe that lifting the ban and allowing a legal trade in rhino horn will better help protect rhino populations. To assess the validity of a legal trade, I first look at the history and current situation of the trade in rhino horn. Using data from the CITES Trade Database, I investigate the amount of horns traded both as confiscations and hunting trophies since the 1977 ban. Next, I list ongoing mitigation approaches to poaching, such as dying and poisoning the horn, removing the horn, introducing synthetic horn into illegal markets, and the establishment of anti-poaching units. Third, I present the differing opinions of supporters and opponents of a legal trade in rhino horn to get a better understanding of the trade. Lastly, I articulate previous models of legal, international trade put forth by South Africa and offer potential solutions making the trade legal. Beyond increasing excludability, the legal trade would have to reduce overall trade and find a way to harvest horn in a sustainable manner.
Hernandez, Mason, "The Legalization of Rhino Horn: Assessing Differing Opinions and Providing Potential Solutions of a Legal Trade" (2022). CMC Senior Theses. 3002.
This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.