Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Open Access Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


International Relations

Second Department

Middle East Studies

Reader 1

Jennifer Taw

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Rights Information

© 2022 Sawyer Bannister


This paper argues that UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security exemplifies how the international security system is constructed in a way that not only preserves militarism and hegemonic masculinity, but further perpetuates gendered power disparities and exacerbates human insecurity. In this pursuit, this paper develops a theoretical framework of radical feminism to illustrate how the international arena embodies militarized hegemonic masculinity and how this power paradigm fundamentally inhibits international security organizations from successfully addressing gender issues. Additionally, this paper utilizes a case study of UNSCR 1325 and WPS implementation in Afghanistan to reveal how when international security organizations attempt to address gender issues, they do so in a way that not only fails to ameliorate the problems but allows political actors to co-opt the WPS agenda for individual gain. The case study of Afghanistan discusses how the country’s current humanitarian disaster in the aftermath of the Taliban’s return to power in August 2021 largely reflects how within the current militarized, hegemonic masculine international system, actors continue to place state security above human security and rights.