Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Jessamyn Schaller


This paper examines how healthcare expenditures—among other factors—influence COVID-19 related death rates in different countries. Using data from 113 countries, I find that healthcare expenditure is significantly positively related to COVID-19 deaths, which suggests that other factors may also be important in affecting mortality rates due to the pandemic. This paper uses a multiple linear regression model to determine the effects of various country-level variables on COVID-19 mortality rates. Additional factors taken into consideration include healthcare resource availability, population demographics, and healthcare system quality. I find that healthcare expenditures and percentage of population in each country aged 65+ are significantly positively related to COVID-19 mortality. Hospital beds per thousand is also significantly negatively related with COVID-19 mortality. These findings have important implications for policymakers seeking to reduce COVID-19 mortality and highlights the importance of investment in healthcare systems as well as the need for targeted interventions to address the social determinants of health.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.