Researcher ORCID Identifier


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Date of Submission


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Lisa Koch

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© 2023 Mahmood Almadeh


E.E. Schattschneider contends that the outcome of a political conflict is influenced by its scope. In any conflict, the parties involved exhibit distinct behaviors. The stronger party usually tries to limit the conflict's scope by excluding additional stakeholders. Conversely, the weaker party tries to expand it by doing the opposite. All parties involved in a conflict aim to change its outcome to one that benefits them. Understanding this concept helps us analyze various political conflicts and predict their outcomes. To test Schattschneider's theory, this analysis applies it to two case studies that are outside of his original scope of analysis: the Iran-United States nuclear negotiations (2009-2015) and Saudi Arabia's evolving foreign policy directives towards the United States (2018-2021).

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.