Graduation Year


Date of Submission


Document Type

Open Access Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Science and Management

Reader 1

Donald McFarlane

Reader 2

Diane Thomson

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2023 Jose A Ruiz


This literature review delves into the emergence and impact of Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, in Southern California. My investigation begins with an exploration of the physical characteristics, historical background, and its significance as a vector. Notably, Aedes aegypti's historical role as a vector for yellow fever during the 19th century shapes the foundation for understanding its effectiveness in disease transmission and demonstrates the potential of its negative impact on Southern California residents. I examined the habitat preferences and behaviors of Aedes aegypti, emphasizing its adaptability to urban environments and its effect as a daytime feeder with a limited flight range. The spread mechanisms include adaptation to human-made containers, the unintentional facilitation of trade, and stretched breeding seasons due to climate change were analyzed with a mathematical modeling aid in predicting the potential spread of Aedes aegypti. A critical focus is placed on the mosquito's interaction with other species, elucidating the implications of competition, predation, and displacement for native mosquito populations. My study also specifies Aedes aegypti’s effect on public health due to its potential for disease transmission influenced by previously mentioned factors, while also emphasizing the importance of community awareness and engagement in underrepresented communities in this region. The concluding section outlines potential future research directions using California’s population/environment, ranging from vector competence, genetics, and innovative vector control technologies that can induce global benefits for combatting vector-transmitted diseases.

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