Graduation Year

Spring 2014

Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE)

Reader 1

Kenneth Miller

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Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

Rights Information

© Samuel Stone 2014


On March 25th, 1977, Governor Jerry Brown's nominee, Rose Elizabeth Bird, became California's first female State Supreme Court Justice--and the nation's first female Chief Justice. Nine years later, Chief Justice Bird and her fellow Jerry Brown appointees, Justices Cruz Reynoso and Joseph Grodin, became the first state Supreme Court justices to be defeated in their retention elections. Judicial Retention Elections and the Bird Court's Legacy presents an in-depth account of the political and electoral causes of Bird’s defeat, and a reevaluation of the Bird Court's legacy in light of Governor Brown’s return to prominence.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.