Details of schemes for two tabletop size x‐ray lasers that require a high‐intensity short‐pulse driving laser are discussed. The first is based on rapid recombination following optical‐field ionization. Analytical and numerical calculations of the output properties are presented. Propagation in the confocal geometry is discussed and a solution for x‐ray lasing in Li‐like N at 247 Å is described. Since the calculated gain coefficient depends strongly on the electron temperature, the methods of calculating electron heating following field ionization are discussed. Recent experiments aimed at demonstrating lasing in H‐like Li at 135 Å are discussed along with modeling results. The second x‐ray laser scheme is based on the population inversion obtained during inner‐shell photoionization by hard x rays. This approach has significantly higher‐energy requirements, but lasing occurs at very short wavelengths (λ ≤ 15 Å). Experiments that are possible with existing lasers are discussed.
© 1994 American Institute of Physics
D.C. Eder, P. Amendt, L.B. Da Silva, R.A. London, B.J. MacGowan, D.L. Matthews, B.M. Penetrante, M.D. Rosen, S.C. Wilks, T.D. Donnelly, R.W. Falcone, G.L. Strobel, "Tabletop x-ray lasers," Physics of Plasmas (formerly Physics of Fluids B) 1, 1744 (1994).