Consensus by Design, Policy by Default: Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity

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Humanities, Social Sciences and the Arts (HMC)

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The Convention on Biological Diversity promotes an exceptionally broad array of policy goals pertaining to biotic resources, species extinction, ecological health, and human welfare. In practice, the relative emphasis given to one or another of these goals has been determined by the international institutions responsible for implementing projects under the convention. International donor agencies disagree as to whether they should target biologically rich areas for the benefit of the planet as a whole, or promote conservation equally in every country as a means to economic development. Regression analysis of expenditures by the U.S. Agency for International Development and the World Bank‐led Global Environment Facility shows that the geographic pattern of conservation assistance corresponds with donors’ political and institutional affiliations and with the occurrence of species richness. Development need does not influence the geographic allocation of conservation aid.

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© 1998 Taylor and Francis

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