Ab Initio Study of the Ground and Excited States of HCP and its Isomer HPC

Student Co-author

HMC Undergraduate

Document Type



Chemistry (HMC)

Publication Date



The potential energy surface of HCP converting to HPC in its ground electronic state has been investigated with ab initio methods at levels up to MP2/6-311G**//MP4/6-311G** as well as TZV + + ** CASSCF. All geometries are fully optimized and compare favorably to previous theoretical and experimental values. The HCP molecule is predicted to be 85.4 kcal/mol lower in energy than its linear isomer at the-MP2/6-31G*//MP2/6-31G* level. The energy barrier for hydrogen rearrangement is found to be merely 2.3 kcal from the HPC end. CASSCF studies were initiated to clarify the low barrier and lent support to a flat surface as HPC converts to stable, linear HCP at the TZV + + ** level. CASSCF also predicts that HPC is unstable with respect to bending. Harmonic vibrational frequencies for HCP results in 5% accuracy or better. A bent triplet is found to be the lowest excited state using the CASSCF method.

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© 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.