Mathematics, History, America
There are two main questions I shall discuss in this paper. First, why was American mathematics so weak from 1776 to 1876? Second, and much more important, how did what happened from 1776-1876 produce an American mathematics respectable by international standards by the end of the nineteenth century? We will see that the "weakness" -at least as measured by the paucity of great names- co-existed with the active building both of mathematics education and of a mathematical community which reached maturity in the 1890's.
© 1977 Mathematical Association of America. All Rights Reserved.
Grabiner, Judith V. "Mathematics in America: The First Hundred Years." The Bicentennial Tribute to American Mathematics, 1776-1976. Ed. Dalton Tarwater. Washington, D.C.: Mathematical Association of America, 1977. 9-24.