Researcher ORCID Identifier


Graduation Year


Document Type

Campus Only Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Reader 1

Sharon Goto

Reader 2

Richard Lewis

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Terms of Use for work posted in Scholarship@Claremont.

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© 2023 Kirby T Lam


LGBTQ+ individuals face increasing rates of discrimination and prejudice with complex interactions and societal influences. Their experiences are compounded by the detrimental effects of racism through stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. However, there is limited research on the intersectional effects of race on gender norm perceptions. Looking at sociocognitive mechanisms of perception, the current study sought to develop an experimental paradigm testing explicit, implicit, and neurophysiological differences in gender evaluations. Using an intersectional lens on gender and race, we hypothesized that Asian Americans breaking gender norms experience greater prejudice and neurophysiological biases differently from White American populations. After presenting scenarios about people—either Asian American or White ethnic last names—breaking gender norms, we find that participants (N = 13 White American, 13 Asian American, 2 biracial/multiracial) rate gender discrepant stimuli as less appropriate in U.S. society and with longer reaction time (RT). For the interaction effect, participants rated White Americans adhering to gender norms significantly as most appropriate with no significant interaction for RT. Subsequent exploratory analyses find that Asian American participants judge their in-group members breaking gender norms with greater RT than White American participants. This study establishes the foundation for future research into the social, cognitive, and neurophysiological impacts of gender and racial prejudice.

This thesis is restricted to the Claremont Colleges current faculty, students, and staff.