Graduation Year


Document Type

Open Access Senior Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Art Conservation

Second Department

Art History

Reader 1

Bruce Coats

Reader 2

Daniel Michon

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Madeline H Helland


The objective of this project was to establish a provenance for two Indian manuscripts that were recently discovered in the collections at Scripps College. Based on their illuminations, script, and binding structure, I was able to conclude that these two manuscripts are Hindu religious texts created around the 19th or 20th century. To determine an approximate origin and the significance of these volumes, my research focused on the syncretism of religion, material history, and power dynamics in India. Their context was specifically framed within the history of manuscript construction and conservation.